All forest land in Indonesia is owned either by the state or private stakeholders. Indigenous Peoples and local communities have been managing forest lands and resources through customary management systems governed by customary laws, but communal ownership is not recognized by the forestry law which declares all forest lands in Indonesia as state forests. Since the 2014 national elections, however, forest tenure reform has emerged as a new priority for Indonesia’s government, which has consulted with AMAN and several other organizations that work on land and forest tenure in formulating a new plan for advancing indigenous rights. This initiative will play a key role in mobilizing support to utilize this new political momentum and implementing the recent commitments made by the Government.


Indigenous Peoples and local communities including women and marginalized groups; civil society organizations; district and national level public sector agencies relevant to forest tenure; Office of the President; the National Parliament.