The Indigenous Peoples’ Alliance of the Archipelago (AMAN) is capitalizing on new political momentum in Indonesia to implement the government’s commitments to recognize and protect the tenure rights of Indigenous Peoples. Indigenous Peoples and local communities in Indonesia have been managing forestlands under customary systems for generations, and their rights are enshrined in the country’s constitution. Yet most of their territory remains unrecognized, and 30 percent of the country is under industrial concession, resulting in massive forest fires and significant conflict and inequality. After decades of advocacy, a 2013 Constitutional Court ruling declared that the state had wrongly appropriated Indigenous Peoples’ customary forests and must return them, and the government subsequently committed to transfer management of 12.7 million hectares of forestland to indigenous communities. With technical and financial assistance from the Tenure Facility, AMAN is supporting the drafting and adoption of district-level regulations to recognize rights. Securing rights at the district level immediately benefits indigenous livelihoods, reduces conflict, and strengthens natural resources management. In an innovative new approach, these regulations not only establish procedures for recognizing indigenous lands but also include recognition of specific territories by embedding community maps directly in the legislation. This scalable model is already spreading to other districts and creating bottom-up momentum toward national recognition of indigenous rights.
For the full story of the fight to implement land and forest rights in Indonesia go to the Timeline.
AMAN advanced tenure security over 1.5 million hectares belonging to 200 indigenous communities and achieved recognition of 250,000 hectares — in 29 months
To contribute to the legal recognition and protection of tenure rights of Indigenous Peoples in Indonesia
Building on decades of advocacy and lessons learned in the successful Tenure Facility pilot project, this initiative capitalizes on the current momentum in Indonesia for agrarian reform, social forestry, and recognition of indigenous rights. Led by the Indigenous Peoples’ Alliance of the Archipelago (AMAN), the initiative aims to enhance tenure security over 2 million hectares of land and forest. It will set the stage for scaling up implementation of indigenous and local community land rights by piloting new approaches that can be replicated, feeding lessons into national policy dialogues, and promoting collaborative management of indigenous forests that overlap with conservation lands. The initiative also promotes the rights of women and their full participation in decision making.
AMAN is twinning its strengths with those of two longstanding partners. The Agrarian Renewal Consortium (KPA) is Indonesia’s largest national organization working for farmers. KPA fights for a fair agrarian system and prosperity for poor people. It promotes secure ownership, possession and use of agrarian resources for peasants, fisherman, and Indigenous Peoples. The Indigenous Territory Registration Body ((BRWA) establishes and promotes standards for community mapping and documentation, acts as a single reference for community maps, and registers, verifies, and certifies claims. It feeds data to the Government’s geospatial agency which implements the national ‘One Map’ initiative. One Map’s purpose is to ensure that land rights and use data is integrated and accessible to decision makers to enable efficient and conflict-free land-use planning.
For the full story of the fight to secure the land and forest rights of indigenous and local communities in Indonesia go to the Timeline.
Advancing tenure security over 2 million hectares of land and forest
To secure tenure rights over 2 million hectares of land and forest and improve the livelihoods of 2,300 indigenous communities and hundreds of local communities